References for Baby’s Head Shape

1. Laughlin J, Luerssen TG, Dias MS, Committee on P, Ambulatory Medicine SoNS. Prevention and management of positional skull deformities in infants. Pediatrics. 2011;128(6):1236-41.

2. Bialocerkowski AE, Vladusic SL, Wei Ng C. Prevalence, risk factors, and natural history of positional plagiocephaly: a systematic review. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2008;50(8):577-86.

3. Bialocerkowski AE, Vladusic SL, Howell SM. Conservative interventions for positional plagiocephaly: a systematic review. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2005;47(8):563-70.

4. van Vlimmeren LA, van der Graaf Y, Boere-Boonekamp MM, L’Hoir MP, Helders PJ, Engelbert RH. Risk factors for deformational plagiocephaly at birth and at 7 weeks of age: a prospective cohort study. Pediatrics. 2007;119(2):e408-18.

5. Hutchison BL, Edwin AM, Thompson MD. Non-Synostotic Plagiocephaly and Brachycephaly: An Overview. Current pediatric reviews. 2006;2(1):33-9.

6. Hutchison BL, Thompson JMD, Mitchell EA. Determinants of Nonsynostotic Plagiocephaly: A Case-Control Study. Pediatrics. 2003;112(4):e316.

7. Hutchison BL, Hutchison LAD, Thompson JMD, Mitchell EA. Plagiocephaly and Brachycephaly in the First Two Years of Life: A Prospective Cohort Study. Pediatrics. 2004;114(4):970-80.

8. Lima D. The Management of Deformational Plagiocephaly: A Review of the Literature. JPO: Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics. 2004;16(4):S9-S14.

9. McKinney CM, Cunningham ML, Holt VL, Leroux B, Starr JR. A case-control study of infant, maternal and perinatal characteristics associated with deformational plagiocephaly. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 2009;23(4):332-45.

10. Persing J, James H, Swanson J, Kattwinkel J, American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on P, Ambulatory Medicine SoPS, et al. Prevention and management of positional skull deformities in infants. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine, Section on Plastic Surgery and Section on Neurological Surgery. Pediatrics. 2003;112(1 Pt 1):199-202.

11. Peitsch WK, Keefer CH, LaBrie RA, Mulliken JB. Incidence of cranial asymmetry in healthy newborns. Pediatrics. 2002;110(6):e72.

12. Miller RI, Clarren SK. Long-term developmental outcomes in patients with deformational plagiocephaly. Pediatrics. 2000;105(2):E26.

13. Kordestani RK, Patel S, Bard DE, Gurwitch R, Panchal J. Neurodevelopmental delays in children with deformational plagiocephaly. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2006;117(1):207-18; discussion 19-20.

14. Majnemer A, Barr RG. Association between sleep position and early motor development. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2006;149(5):623-9.


16. Singh A, Wacogne I. What Is the Role of Helmet Therapy in Positional Plagiocephaly? Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2008;93(9):807-9.

17. American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Sudden Infant Death S. The changing concept of sudden infant death syndrome: diagnostic coding shifts, controversies regarding the sleeping environment, and new variables to consider in reducing risk. Pediatrics. 2005;116(5):1245-55.

18. Saeed NR, Wall SA, Dhariwal DK. Management of positional plagiocephaly. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2008;93(1):82-4.

19. Cavalier A, Picot MC, Artiaga C, Mazurier E, Amilhau MO, Froye E, et al. Prevention of deformational plagiocephaly in neonates. Early Hum Dev. 2011;87(8):537-43.

20. Wittmeier K, Mulder K. Time to revisit tummy time: A commentary on plagiocephaly and development Paediatrics and Child Health. 2017;22 (3):159-61.

21. Mitchell EA. SIDS: facts and controversies. The Medical Journal of Australia. 2000;173(4):175-6.

22. Moon RY, Horne RS, Hauck FR. Sudden infant death syndrome. The Lancet. 2007;370(9598):1578-87.

23. Australian Physiotherapy Association. How to protect the head shape of your baby. In: Australian Physiotherapy Association, Endorsed by SIDS & Kids and Royal Children’s Hospital, editors. Pamphlet. Melbourne2005.

24. Golden KA, Beals SP, Littlefield TR, Pomatto JK. Sternocleidomastoid imbalance versus congenital muscular torticollis: their relationship to positional plagiocephaly. The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal: Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association. 1999;36(3):256-61.

25. Rogers GF. Deformational plagiocephaly, brachycephaly, and scaphocephaly. Part I: terminology, diagnosis, and etiopathogenesis. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22(1):9-16.

26. Pogliani L, Cerini C, Vivaldo T, Duca P, Zuccotti GV. Deformational plagiocephaly at birth: an observational study on the role of assisted reproductive technologies. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2014;27(3):270-4.