References for Breastfeeding and the Risk of Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy

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2. World Health Organisation. (2011). Exclusive breastfeeding for six months best for babies everywhere. World Health Organisation statement, 15th January 2011. Geneva: World Health Organisation. Retrieved from

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4. Moon, R.Y., Darnall, R.A,. Goodstein, M.H., Hauck, F.R., Shapiro-Mendoza, C,K., Willinger, M. & Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. (2011). American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Policy statement. SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths: Expansion of recommendations for a safe infant sleeping environment. Pediatrics, 128 (5), 1030-9. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-228. Retrieved from

5. Hauck, F.R., Thompson, J.M., Tanabe, K.O., Moon, R.Y. & Vennemann, M.M. (2011). Breastfeeding and Reduced Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 128(1),103-110.

6. Kramer, M.S. & Kakuma, R. (2012). Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(8), CD003517. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003517.pub2

7. Horta, B.L. & Victora, C.G. (2013). Long-term effects of breastfeeding: A systematic review. Geneva: World Health Organisation.

8. National Health and Medical Research Council. (2012) Infant Feeding Guidelines. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council.

9. National Health and Medical Research Council (2012) Eat for Health. Infant Feeding Guidelines. Information for health workers. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council. Retrieved from

10. Young, J., Watson, K., Ellis, L. & Raven, L. (2012). Responding to evidence: Breastfeed baby if you can – the sixth public health recommendation to reduce the risk of sudden and unexpected death in infancy. Breastfeeding Review, 20(1), 7-15.

11. American Academy of Pediatrics. (2012). Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk. Policy Statement. Pediatrics, 129(3), e827-e841. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-3552

12. Salone, L.R., Vann, W.F. & Dee, D.L. (2013). Breastfeeding: an overview of oral and general benefits. Journal of the American Dental Association, 144(2),143-51.

13. Kramer, M.S., Aboud, F., Mironova, E., Vanilovich, I., Platt, R.W., Matush, L., Igumnov, S., …Shapiro, S. (2008). Breastfeeding and Child Cognitive Development. New Evidence From a Large Randomised Trial. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65(5),578- 584.

14. Moore, E.R., Anderson, G.C. & Bergman, N. (2009). Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2009(3), CD003519. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003519.pub2

15. Vohr, B.R., Poindexter, B.B., Dusick, A.M., McKinley, L.T., Higgins, R.D., Langer, J.C… National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Research Network. (2007). Persistent beneficial effects of breast milk ingested in the neonatal intensive care unit on outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants at 30 months of age. Pediatrics, 120(4), e953-e959. doi: 10.1542/peds.2006-3227 Retrieved from

16. Bolling, K., Grant, C., Hamlyn, B. & Thornton, A. (2007). Infant Feeding Survey 2005. United Kingdom: National Health Service: Department of Health, Social Service and Public Safety. Retrieved from

17. Sobhy, S.I. & Mohame, N.A. (2007). The effect of early initiation of breast feeding on the amount of vaginal blood loss during the fourth stage of labour. Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, 79(1-2),1-12.

18. Lopez, L.M., Hiller, J.E. & Grimes, D.A. (2012). Education for contraceptive use by women after childbirth. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(8), CD001863. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001863.pub3

19. Gross, B.A. & Burger, H. (2002). Breastfeeding patterns and return to fertility in Australian women. Australia New Zealand Journal of Obstetics and Gynaecology, 42(2),148-154.

20. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2011). The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General.

21. Chen, A. & Rogan, W.J. (2004). Breastfeeding and the risk of post neonatal death in the United States. Pediatrics, 113(5),435-439.

22. Kattwinkel, J., Hauck, F.R., Keenan, M.E., Malloy, M., Moon, R.Y. & American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. (2005). The Changing Concept of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Diagnostic Coding Shifts, Controversies Regarding the Sleeping Environment, and New Variables to Consider in Reducing Risk. Pediatrics, 116(5), 1245-1255.

23. Henderson-Smart, D.J., Ponsonby, A.L. & Murphy, E. (1998). Review Article Reducing the risk of sudden infant death syndrome: A review of the scientific literature. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 34(3), 213-219. DOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1754.1998.00225.x

24. Moon, R.Y., Darnall, R.A., Goodstein, M.H., Hauck, F.R., Shapiro-Mendoza, C.K., Willinger, M. & Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. (2011). American Academy of Pediatrics Technical Report: SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Expansion of Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment. Pediatrics, 128(5), e1341-e1367.

25. Vennemann, M.M., Bajanowski, T., Brinkmann, B., Jorch, G., Yucesan, K., Sauerland, C. & Mitchell, E.A. (2009). Does breastfeeding reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome? Pediatrics, 123(3),406-410.

26. McVea, K.L., Turner, P.D. & Peppler, D.K. (2000). The role of breastfeeding in sudden infant death syndrome. Journal of Human Lactation, 16(1),13-20.

27. Alm, B., Wennergren, G., Norvenius, S.G., Skjaerven, R., Lagercrantz, H., Helweg-Larsen, K. & Irgens, L.M. (2002). Breast feeding and the sudden infant death syndrome in Scandinavia, 1992-95. Archives of Diseases in Childhood, 86(6), 400-2.

28. Sears, M. & Sears, W. (2000). The Breastfeeding Book: Everything You Need to Know About Nursing Your Child From Birth Through Weaning. New York: Little, Brown and Co.

29. Young, J. (2013, March 12). Safe Infant Sleeping: Systems, Influence and Innovation to further reduce sudden infant deaths. [Australian College of Midwives Webinar Program].

30. Callaghan, A., Kendall, G., Lock, C., Mahony, A., Payne, J., & Verrier, L. (2005). Association between pacifier use and breast‐feeding, sudden infant death syndrome, infection and dental malocclusion. International Journal of EvidenceBased Healthcare, 3(6), 147-167. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-6988.2005.00024

31. Sears, W. (2013). Ask Doctor Sears: A trusted resource for parents. Eight reasons breastfeeding reduces SIDS. Retrieved from

32. Cabrera-Rubio, R., Collado, M.C., Laitinen, K., Salminen, S., Isolauri, E. & Mira, A. (2012). The human milk microbiome changes over lactation and is shaped by maternal weight and mode of delivery. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96(3), 544-51. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.037382

33. Luoto, R., Kalliomaki, M., Laitinen, K., Delzenne, N.M., Cani, P.D., Salminen, S. & Isolauri, E. (2011). Initial dietary and microbiological environments deviate in normal-weight compared to overweight children at 10 years of age. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 52(1), 90-95. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3181f3457f

34. Johnston, J.M & Amico, J.A. (1986). A prospective longitudinal study of the release of oxytocin and prolactin in response to infant suckling in long term lactation. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 62(4),653-7.

35. Kinney, H.C., Brody, B.A., Finkelstein, D.M., Vawter, G.F., Mandell, F. & Gilles, F.H. (1991). Delayed central nervous system myelination in the sudden infant death syndrome. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 50(1), 29-48.

36. Ball, H.L. (2003). Breastfeeding, bed-sharing, and infant sleep. Birth, 30(3),181-8.

37. Blair, P.S. & Ball, H.L. (2004). The prevalence and characteristics associated with parent-infant bed-sharing in England. Archives of Diseases in Childhood, 89(12),1106-1110. doi: 10.1136/adc.2003.038067

38. Young, J., Fleming, P.J., Blair, P.S. & Pollard, K. (2002). Night-time infant care practices: a longitudinal study of the importance of close contact between mothers and their babies. In: S. Springer (Ed.) 3. Deutscher Stillund Laktationskongress May 2001. Stillmanagement und Laktation (179-210). Leipzig, Germany: Leipziger Universitätsverlag.

39. Uvnäs-Moberg, K., Widström, A.M., Werner, S., Matthiesen, A.S. & Winberg, J. (1990). Oxytocin and prolactin levels in breast-feeding women. Correlation with milk yield and duration of breast-feeding. Acta Obstetrica et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 69(4), 301-306. DOI: 10.3109/00016349009036151

40. McKenna, J.J., Ball, H.L. & Gettler, L.T. (2007). Mother-infant co sleeping, breastfeeding and sudden infant death syndrome: what biological anthropology has discovered about normal infant sleep and pediatric sleep medicine. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 134 (Supplement:Yearbook 45),133-161. DOI 10.1002/ajpa.20736

41. Horne, R.S., Parslow, P.M., Ferens, D., Watts, A.M. & Adamson, T.M. (2004). Comparison of evoked arousability in breast and formula fed infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89(1), 22-25.

42. Heacock, H.J., Jeffery, H.E., Baker, J.L. & Page, M. (1992). Influence of breast versus formula milk on physiological gastroesophageal reflux in healthy, newborn infants. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 14(1), 41-46.

43. Maekawa, K., Nara, T., Soeda, A., Yokoi, S. & Kitani, N. (1984). Breast feeding and neonatal behavioural state. Jikeikai Medical Journal, 31(4), 503-509.

44. Jeffery, H.E., Megevand, A. & Page, M. (1999). Why the prone position is a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome. Pediatrics, 104(2), 263-269.

45. Mitchell, E.A., Freemantle, J., Young, J. & Byard, R.W. (2012). Scientific consensus forum to review the evidence underpinning the recommendations of the Australian SIDS and Kids Safe Sleeping Health Promotion Programme – October 2010. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 48(8), 626-33. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2011.02215.x

46. SIDS and Kids National Scientific Advisory Group, (Young J). (2013). Information Statement: Pacifier/Dummy Use. Melbourne: National SIDS Council of Australia. Retrieved from

47. SIDS and Kids National Scientific Advisory Group, (Young J). (2013). Information Statement: Sleeping with a Baby. Melbourne: National SIDS Council of Australia. Retrieved from

48. Australian Health Ministers’ Conference & Australia. Department of Health and Ageing (2009). Australian National Breastfeeding Strategy 2010-2015. Phillip, ACT: Dept. of Health and Ageing.