References for Room Sharing With Baby

1. Mitchell, E.A. & Thompson, J.M.D. (1995). Co-sleeping increases the risk of SIDS, but sleeping in the parents’ bedroom lowers it. In: T.O. Rognum (Ed.) Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: New trends in the nineties (266-269). Oslo: Scandinavian University Press.

2. Blair, P.S., Fleming. P.J., Smith, I.J., Ward Platt, M., Young, J., Nadin, P., … the CESDI SUDI Research Group. (1999). Babies sleeping with parents: Case-control study of factors influencing the risk of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. British Medical Journal, 319 (7223), 1457-1462.

3. Carpenter, R.G., Irgens, L.M., Blair, P.S., England, P.D., Fleming, P.J., … Schreuder, P. (2004). Sudden unexplained infant death in 20 regions in Europe: Case control study. The Lancet, 363(9404), 185-91.

4. Blair, P.S., Ward-Platt, M., Smith, I.J., Fleming, P.J. & the CESDI SUDI Research Group. (2006). Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and the time of death: Factors associated with night-time and day time deaths. International Journal of Epidemiology, 35(6), 1563-1569.

5. Mitchell, E., Freemantle, J., Young, J. & Byard, R. (2012). Scientific consensus forum to review the evidence underpinning the recommendations of the Australian SIDS and Kids Safe Sleeping Health Promotion Programme - October 2010. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 48(8), 626-633. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1754.2011.02215.x

6. American Academy of Pediatrics: Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. (2016). SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Updated 2016 Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment. Pediatrics, 138 (5), e20162938. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-2938

7. Carpenter, R., McGarvey, C., Mitchell, E.A., Tappin, D.M., Vennemann, M.M., Smuk, S. & Carpenter, J.R. (2013). Bedsharing when parents do not smoke: is there a risk of SIDS? An individual level analysis of five major case-control studies. British Medical Journal Open, 3, e002299. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-002299

8. Blair, P.S., Sidebotham, P., Pease, A. & Fleming, P.J. (2014). Bedsharing in the absence of hazardous circumstances: Is there a risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome? An analysis from two case-controlled studies conducted in the UK. PLOS One, 9(9), e107799. doi:10.137/journal.pone.0107799

9. Horne, R.S.C., Hauck, F.R. & Moon, R.Y. (2015). Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and advice for safe sleeping. British Medical Journal, 350, h1989. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h1989

10. Schluter, P.J., Paterson, J. & Percival, T. (2007). Infant care practices associated with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Findings from the Pacific Islands Families study. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 43(5), 388-393.

11. Rechtman, L.R., Colvin, J.D., Blair, P.S. & Moon, R.Y. (2014). Sofas and infant mortality. Pediatrics, 134(5), e1293-e1300. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-1543

12. Vennemann, M. M., Bajanowski, T., Brinkmann, B., Jorch, G., Sauerland, C., & Mitchell, E. A. (2009). Sleep environment risk factors for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: the German Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Study. Pediatrics, 123(4), 1162-1170.

13. Scragg, R.K.R., Mitchell, E.A., Stewart, A.W., Ford, R.P.K., Taylor, B.J., Hassall, I.B., Thompson, J.M.D. (1996). Infant room-sharing and prone sleep position in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. The Lancet, 347(8993), 7–12.

14. Tappin, D., Ecob, R., Stat, S. & Brooke, H. (2005), Bedsharing, roomsharing, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Scotland: a Case-control study. The Journal of Pediatrics, 147(1): 32-37.

15. McKenna, J.J. & McDade, T. (2005). Why babies should never sleep alone: A review of the co-sleeping controversy in relation to SIDS, bedsharing and breastfeeding. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, 6(2), 134-152.

16. American Academy of Pediatrics: Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. (2011). SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Expansion of Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment. Pediatrics, 128(5): e1-e27. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-2285

17. Lee, N.N., Chan, Y.F., Davies, D.P., Lau, E. & Yip, D.C.P. (1989). Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Hong Kong: Confirmation of low incidence. British Medical Journal, 298(6675), 721.

18. Farooqi, S., Perry, I.J. & Beevers, D.G. (1993). Ethnic differences in infant-rearing and their possible relationship to the incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 7(3), 245-252.

19. Gantley, M., Davies, D.P. & Murcott, A. (1993), Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Links with infant care practices. British Medical Journal, 306(6869), 16-20.

20. Ball, H.L., Moya, E., Fairley, L., Westman, J., Oddie, S. & Wright, J. (2012). Infant care practices related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in South Asian and White British families in the UK. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 26(1), 3-12. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3016.2011.01217.x

21. Huang, l., Hauck, F.R., Signore, C., Airong, Y., Tonse, N.K.R., Huang, T.T.K. & Fein, S.B. (2013). Influence of bedsharing activity on breastfeeding duration among US mothers. JAMA Pediatrics, 167(11), 1038-1044. doi.10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2632

22. Huang, X.N., Wang, H.S., Chang, J.J., Wang, L.H., Liu, X.C., Jiang, J.X. & An, L. (2016), Feeding methods, sleep arrangement, and infant sleep patterns: a Chinese population-based study. World Journal of Pediatrics, 12(1): 66-75. doi: 10.1007/s12519-015-0012-8

23. Blair, P.S., Sidebotham, P., Evason-Coombe, C., Edmonds, M., Heckstall-Smith, E.M.A. & Fleming, P. (2009). Hazardous cosleeping environments and risk factors amenable to change: Case-control study of SIDS in south-west England. British Medical Journal, 339, b3666. doi: 10.1136/bmj.b3666

24. Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. (2013). Keeping baby safe: A guide to infant and nursery products. Canberra: Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. Retrieved from

25. Hauck, F., Thompson, J., Tanabe, K., Moon, R. & Vennemann, M. (2011). Breastfeeding and reduced risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: a Meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 128(1), 103-110.

26. Young, J., Watson, K., Ellis, L. & Raven, L. (2012). Responding to the evidence: Breastfeed baby if you can – the sixth public health recommendation to reduce the risk of sudden unexpected death in infancy. Breastfeeding Review, 20(1), 7-15.

27. Blair, P.S. & Ball, H.L. (2004). The prevalence and characteristics associated with parent-infant bed-sharing in England. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89(12), 1106-1110.

28. Blair, P.S., Mitchell, E.A., Heckstall-Smith, E.M. & Fleming, P.J. (2008). Head covering—a major modifiable risk factor for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: a Systematic review. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 93(9), 778–783.

29. Mosko, S., Richard, C. & McKenna, J. (1997). Maternal sleep and arousals during bedsharing with infants. Sleep, 20(2), 142-150.

30. Simard, V., Lara-Carrasco, J., Paquette, T. & Nielsen, T. (2011) Bresatfeeding, maternal depressive mood and roomsharing as predictors of sleep fragmentation in 12-week old infants: a Longitudinal study. Early Child Development and Care, 181(8), 1063-1077. doi: 10.1080/03004430.2010.513434

31. McKenna, J., Mosko, S. & Richard, C. (1997). Bedsharing promotes breastfeeding. Pediatrics, 100(2), 214-219.

32. McKenna, J.J., Ball, H.L. & Gettler, L.T. (2007). Mother-infant cosleeping, breastfeeding and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: What biological anthropology has discovered about normal infant sleep and pediatric sleep medicine. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Suppl 45, 133-61. doi:10.1002/ajpa.20736

33. Rudzik, A.E.F. & Ball, H.L. (2016) Exploring maternal perceptions of infant sleep and feeding method among mothers in the United Kingdom: a Qualitative focus group study. Maternal and Child Health, 20(1), 33-40. doi:10.1007/s10995-015-1798-7